What are solar filters?

SOLAR FILTERS

They are the main element of solar protection and they have the function of reflecting, dispersing or absorbing the sun's rays, thereby protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun. Depending on how they act, they can generally be divided into two large groups:  

  • PHYSICAL FILTERS: these are mineral particles that act like a broad spectrum “screen”, reflecting solar radiation. This type of filter reduces the ultraviolet rays (UV), visible rays and infrared rays (IR).
  • CHEMICAL FILTERS:  they alter ultraviolet solar radiation and transform it into another type of energy that does not harm the skin. ​​

With ZERO% sensitive skin or allergy-prone skin can take advantage of the benefits of the sun with a very high sun protection level against ultraviolet B radiation (FPS 50+); 0% chemical filters, 0% parabens and 0% perfumes, as well as being water resistant and protecting from ultraviolet A and infrared rays. It is the only mineral protector that contains Multi-CELL ANTIOX [ complex ], an anti free radicals complex that triggers the defence systems and repairs cells.

There are many different types of sun protection products, but are they all the same?

THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOLAR FILTERS,

the most common ones are physical filters (they reflect radiation, dispersing it) and chemical filters (they absorb the energy from UV radiation). On the whole, solar filters are considered to be safe molecules. However, the use of some chemical filters such as oxybenzone or octocrylene is controversial, especially for young children and sensitive or reactive skin, as there is a greater probability of skin absorption and allergic reactions, which can also cause problems for people with stratum corneum integrity problems.

To minimise all these risks, it is advisable to use protection products with physical filters on sensitive skin. Inorganic filters, like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, have the advantage of being very photostable and they do not cause allergic reactions. Lotions that contain inorganic filters are the best ones for avoiding sensitivity issues, irritation and photo allergy.

Which is your protection factor?

The effects of the sun

THE SUN IS BENEFICIAL TO YOUR HEALTH,

but an excess of solar radiation can be harmful for the skin and can cause erythema (burns), blemishes, wrinkles, premature aging and skin disorders that can lead to the onset of skin cancer.

The effects are accumulative and irreversible, which is why it is essential to protect yourself from the sun by wearing a hat, t-shirt, sunglasses and using a sun cream that is appropriate for your skin phototype and your level of exposure to the sun.

The ideal sun protection product should provide:  

  • Primary sun protection: Using state-of-the-art UVA and UVB filters with a broad absorption spectrum.
  • Secondary sun protection: To neutralise free radicals, stimulate cell and DNA repair and to provide protection against infrared radiation.
  • A stable and safe formula that is easy to apply and quickly absorbed.
  • A format that is just right for each different need.

Choosing the right protection factor

The type of skin determines which sun protection factor (SPF) should be applied. Check the characteristics of each group to decide which photosensitivity level describes your skin.

Elements like the time of exposure, altitude and latitude, the surface (snow, sand, water,..etc.) and the weather conditions also need to be considered when deciding which SPF to use.

PHOTOTYPE CHARACTERISTICS RECOMMENDED
I Skin intolerant or hypersensitive to the sun (pale or very pale skin, skin with moles or freckles, very susceptible to sunburn) 
II-III Skin sensitive to the sun (Light skin, with a few moles or freckles, blond or light brown hair, susceptible to sunburn although it can tan lightly) 
IV-V Tanned or resistant skin (Skin that tans easily and only burns with exceptional exposure) 

 

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